II Climate Change Summit of the Americas.
Jalisco, Mexico, August 31, 2016.
Since my condition ORU FOGAR Secretary General, ex officio, I congratulate the State of Jalisco and its governor to put regional-sub-intermediate governments in the center of the fight against climate change. For those who work with these governments it is quite obvious that governments are key intermediates in this war. Central governments should legislate and create policy frameworks conducive. The tasks which may mitigate global warming are, however, basically regions, provinces or federated states. Spatial planning, mobility, infrastructure development and regional development are competences of intermediate government.
It is comforting, on the other hand, listening to a UN representative, as Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the Secretariat for Climate Change, doing so clear the role of intermediate government recognition. It has not always been the case and is not always so.
At this point I must draw attention, however, about the fact that, despite being the most well posicionados- intermediate governments do not always have the necessary instruments. Very often they do not have enough skills or when they have them have no clear legal framework. To put the worst end of Latin America, in Chile, there are regional councils elected by the citizens, but with a purely consultative role. Who has the regional power is a prefect appointed by the central government.
What most anguish today, anyway, to intermediate governments around the world is the lack of adequate funding of its powers. Last April, in Rio de Janeiro, our meeting was a cry of intermediate governments of all latitudes demanding adequate funding.
The governors of Paraguay denounced bitterly that only 2% of public budgets were regionalized. Colombians explained the financial strangulation representing them have been only the tax on alcoholic beverages. The governor of Rio, Amfitrion, now bankrupt, suffered in those days the demonstrations of pensioners for non-payment of pensions. Moroccan, Senegalese, Kenyans, costaiborianos is also of insufficient resources complained. And, what to say, Spain. It is no longer the cry of Catalonia denouncing the “fiscal suffocate” to which it is subjected. Today Valencia and the Balearic Islands raised in very similar terms that have no resources to pay for the services of the powers assigned to them.
This problem of distribution of resources has always been a topic of great debate, often tension between central and regional governments. The crisis, however, has compounded the issue. With unusual frencuencia, central governments have taken advantage of the general lack of resources to recentralise, often skills, almost always funding. And in a tricky explanation, they have cut resources to the interim government, whether federal states, provinces, regions or prefectures towards greater efficiency.
Yesterday, in the room dedicated to cooperation, everyone complained that international cooperation was moving from donors to recipients central states central states, but without any intermediate governments game.
And at this point we need to ask ourselves: can the governors of Paraguay fight against climate change to 2% of the country’s resources? That public transport policy can the government of Rio when you can not pay the pensions of retirees? And Catalunya, by capabilities, political will, can be a leader among intermediate governments on the issue of climate change, but what resources can assign you if you have to cut means-for example in hospitals and waiting list patients accumulate?
I think it is appropriate that, in forums like this, let’s be clear. All you are explaining here may be in fine words or at best, in a naive political will, if we are not able to solve this problem which-when the truth drowns intermediate governments. And let’s face also just giving priority to the urgent, the important front. And so, only resources to combat climate change when the rest has been taken care of, why prevent global warming, today, still not served in most of our countries to win the next elections are dedicated.
From ORU Fogar and the extent of our possibilities we are helping our members to alleviate this situation. We have supported nrg4SD and our members have signed Regions Adapt, giving methodology and means to manage climate change control policies. We also support our members to make, particularly European multilateral projects, enabling them to finance projects. And well recently, with R-20, we have an agreement with the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation will allow us to finance climate change projects 10 ORU FOGAR member regions. Meanwhile, try that if the cooperation of the central states bypasses the territory, decentralized cooperation, European regions, if passing through the regions where it is needed.
All this, however, anecdotal resuta against the abyss which is the lack of resources intermediate governments to address the needs. And so we cry out to be very difficult for intermediate Gobienos make policy to combat climate change if we do not have enough resources. And while each region or national group of regions should see how this debate with their respective central government, ORU Fogar should plan it in all possible forums it arises. In this sense, I end up with a very specific order and to a very specific person. We ask Patricia Espinosa, while UN representative, having heard their complicity for us us to include in his speech a very specific mention referring -a no-brainer that the fight against climate change subnational governments they need sufficient funding.